Production baba
Update day: 29/05/12

SEED PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY BABA

Each household can produce turtles to breed or to do business. The past year has been about 10-15% of families raising three three three three seed production for sale, selling from hatching to 1 month of age, there are people who buy a new expansion of government into seed size 15-20g or 50-150g to sell for profit, can purchase just about run into or buy identical large breed of turtle meat. From 1996 onwards, like turtles expensive but still not enough for farmers. Next year 1997, the tortoise just reduced price than the previous year, partly due to the influence of the price of turtle meat, partly because many producers, of three three varieties on the market, more than the previous year, at the same time more or less affected by low tortoise imported varieties
 
The coming years to develop the production of three special three varieties have much interest to note that the application of technology to increase productivity, reduce production costs tortoise like.
Production of three three varieties including 3 sewing techniques primarily: flapping turtle breeding parents, egg collection and incubation, rearing three three varieties.
Here we would like to turn to introduce the technical progress has been summarized, should expand the application of
1.Raising parents clapped tortoise (tortoise breeding, breeding turtles lay eggs)
Indicators assess the technical level of this stage is the egg yield and egg fertilization rate. Productivity spawn many new people to reach around 20 eggs on 1kg three three in one year, while the farmers have good technique has 45-50 eggs. Percentage of fertilized eggs, many new hit over duoi50% of turtle eggs laid and collected, while the some good technical reach of over 80% in early and 90% in high season, there are those who culture, reaching 95-100%. People do not reach the average level is also pretty much.
 
To achieve the high targets should implement the following technical issues:
a) Construction of ponds in accordance with the requirements of third party reproduction.
b) To properly prepare the pond. Austria, new tank construction should soak washed several times, try to ensure the appropriate pH (from 7-8) to drop tortoise. After a pond, before raising new services need to purge clean to kill germs. When necessary, to replace the sediment layer was severely dirty rotten.
c) Raising the right time. The northern provinces have started raising flaps from August, September to start cold, three three parents have healthy fats, to Spring gonad metabolism fast, so soon. After laying the first litter, further raised to tortoise shell to age 2, 3, 4 ...
The southern provinces may raise flaps to breed throughout the year, but should raise soon to tortoise shell to focus the months from January to February, to avoid turtles lay in the high temperature months.
d) Select three three parents have good standards of shape, size and required health. Not use tortoise was sick. Select size should raise 1kg or more with three three flowers, 2kg or more with three locust. Within 4kg back, raising sized as large egg quality as possible, turtles hatch as well and thrive. Three three common male drop a pond, but must be the same size, to avoid the drop and a large number of children causing menace for children. The number one pond to drop one enough times, do not drop scattered.
e) Coordinate coupling ratio male / female suitable. Today many people believe that the most appropriate rate is 1/2,5-3 (one male paired with 2.5 to 3 children). However, there are a number of polyculture of 1/4 to 1/5 still achieving high percentage of fertilized eggs. Drop much three three males harmful because they or biting pathogenesis, or harassing three three three three reproductive unusual, just feed.
f) Select the appropriate density. The years there have been people raise high density to 2-3kg/m2, but under normal culture conditions, common and appropriate stocking densities should be between 0.5-1kg / m2 or 0.5-1 / m2. Breeding density, feeding conditions and inadequate water changes, poor tortoise lay easy pathogenesis.
g) Take care and good management.
 
2.Egg collection and hatching turtles:
Natural tortoise hatching eggs hatching rate is very low, long incubation times.
Want fast hatched, hatching rate high technical need.
Currently, those who can produce good hatching rate on less than 90%, reaching 100% compared to the number of fertilized eggs to bring Hamlet and shorten the incubation time of 5-10 days compared to normal.
Want hatched well, we must first know the egg collection techniques. Should track the number of turtles laying eggs in the morning, at three three tongues daily topical collection, at three spacing 3-5 days one time fee, not to three new birth after 15-20 days of egg collection bring Hamlet. The small egg, abnormal shape and fertilized eggs do not need right away, just keep fertilized eggs hatching. Egg shell round majority have normal color, the white part on the bag containing the embryo to breathe, the color pink is our embryos and ova complete (egg yolk). Broken egg (fertilization) unusual colors, or spots stained, not clearly distinguish two fertilized eggs. Should record the data each pond on date of birth, date of collection of eggs hatching, the number of eggs collected, the number of fertilized eggs ... to assist in the technical processing and Hamlet predict culture results clapping, hatching ...
Incubators: Should hamlet in the home or private hamlet to avoid temperature fluctuations and protect the eggs. Tools commonly used incubation trays, aluminum pots, enamelled iron or plastic. Area trays, pots to small, depending on the number of eggs to hatching. A conventional washbasin incubating around 100 eggs, an aluminum pot to incubating around 300 eggs.
Pot incubation tray height 10cm, pour clean sand smooth, moist and porous, 7-8cm thick layer of sand (mouth trays, pots, 3-4cm), the bottom tray pots have drainage holes to prevent the sand village deposition water damage hatching eggs. Pick up egg spread on the sand, the first fruit to 2cm cuff to the top (be careful not to put back, not tilted), when enough flour 1 egg, get the sand layer sprayed on closed class sand eggs 2-3cm higher. Tray for eggs in a quiet hamlet. If conditions identified, should control the water content in the wet sand from 7-10% (wet sand to squeeze hands still left no clots) and air humidity in the hamlet of about 85%. Also hamlet popular with trays, pots, large production base of thousands, tens of thousands of eggs can build rooms, tanks voltage or use incubators import from abroad.
The hatchery management is a very important task during the incubation period of 50-55 days. Need most is to keep the temperature and humidity, sand village is stable. 1-2 days on evaporation to dry sand, water spray should return to normal humidity, water spray should slowly, especially avoid flushing the sand incubation temperature changes abruptly, the eggs will died. In the days of heavy rain or night air temperatures fall below 25 ° C, should take measures to increase the room temperature incubation (where electricity can light bulbs 100-200W for heat, need cover for light blocking temperature are , if the not cover seat will be too hot, the eggs will be killed). The day is too hot, incubation room should be ventilated or cooled with fan ... The most appropriate incubation temperature is stable between 30-32oC, at this temperature incubation period 45-50 days; incubation temperature 1-2 degrees higher incubation time can shorten 4-5 days but to no safety. Below 20 and above 35 ° C eggs dies, Hamlet does not bloom. When you see the eggs are about to hatch (adipose tissue, skin cracks) need clean water tray or bowl of between trays, pots eggs, three three children it self crawled into the water; may also prescribe pots trays incubating on 1 large pot or pool, in the basin or reservoir, three three hatched jump into the water. If not available the, slow night said three three dead dry skin.
Hatchery management process, can by sand test eggs, but not turn the eggs, and should take measures to protect the ants, mice, snakes, cats, chickens in the bad eggs and three three .
Pick up the newly hatched turtles into the water pot, choose a healthy baby, was "scary" to put in the tank.
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